Kenya Natural History Guide >>> Plants >>> Solanaceae >>> Solanum incanum

Bitter Apple Nightshade

Solanum incanum

Solanum incanum from near Marigat, Rift Valley, Kenya, photo © by Michael Plagens

Observed at a road side near Marigat, Rift Valley, Kenya, Africa. October 2010.

purple flower with bright yellow stamens of Solanum incanum, photo © Michael Plagens This is an abundant weed at roadsides and edges of farm plots across Kenya. It thrives in part because of the sharp spines and foliage laced with toxic alkaloids. Ubiquitous goats and cattle cannot consume it and so it grows unchecked.

With maturity the fruits are about 3 cm in diameter and are lemon-yellow. Seeds in the fruit, which is terribly bitter, are probably spread by birds.

Solanaceae -- Nightshade Family

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Kenya Natural History

Copyright Michael J. Plagens, Created on 23 February 2011