Doryopteris

A fern, Doryopteris concolor, photo © Michael Plagens

Tufted fern. No flowers or fruit. The fronds are roughly triangular in outline.

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Podo

East-African Yellow-wood, Podocarpus falcatus, in Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Thickish narrow leaves. Seeds within a spherical, fleshy cone. Large forest tree in moist highland areas.

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African Juniper

East African Juniper, Juniperus procera, photo © Michael Plagens

Short, scale-leaf needles and cones with a fleshy, aromatic aril. Forest tree with dark gray, scaly bark found at higher elevations.

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Blood Lily

inflorescence of Scadoxus multiflorus, photo © Michael Plagens

Dense globe of orange-red flowers make this amarylid conspicuous and widely known.

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Aloe

Aloe sp. on a cliff face photo © Michael Plagens

Succulent with thick, fleshy leaves. Leaves are distinctly toothed along margins. Tubular, red flowers. Many similar species in Kenya.

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Wollaston's Aloe

possibly Wollaston's Aloe, in Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Acaulescent aloe - i.e. leaves clustered at ground level. Light spotting on leaves. Highland area devoted to animal grazing.

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Yellow Star Grass

Hypoxis, Yellow Star Grass, face photo © Michael Plagens

Rosete of basal grass-like leaves with 6-pointed yellow flowers rising above. Several similar species in Kenya.

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Screw Pine

Screw Pine, Pandanus utilis, photo © Michael Plagens

Flowers and fruit in large, spherical bunches. Leaves long and strap-like resembling palm leaves. Leaf margins sharply serrated.

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Papyrus

Cyperus papyrus, photo © Michael Plagens

Robust reed of riverside marshes.

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Sedge

Cyperus sp. photo © Michael Plagens

Grass-like plant in usu. moist or wet areas. Branched, terminal spikes of green flowers. Many species.

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Cream Sedge

Cyperus hemisphaericus from Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Bright cream colored inflorescence set this sedge apart. Often grows a meter or more tall. This specimen was growing low in turf.

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Bristle Grass

Bristle Grass, Setaria sp., in Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Several kinds of bristle grass occur in Kenya. Most have a straight, slender spike and bristles on the spikelets.

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Finger Grass

Species of crabgrass, Digitaria, in Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Perennial grass with many shoots forming a tuft and lying flat on ground. Spike-like branches of inflorescence arranged like fingers.

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Traveler's Palm

Traveller's Palm in Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Tree-size, herbaceous plant with the huge leaves oriented in a vertical plane. Complex flower with large showy spathe. Non-native.

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Aneilema

Clinging Aneilema, in Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Vine-like, herbaceous or slightly woody plant clambers over other vegetation. Two petals much larger than the third. Partly shady undergrowth.

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Spiderwort

Spiderwort or Dayflower, Commelina, in Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Two large blue petals and one smaller appear for a short time, maybe a day. Common herb or weed in moist gardens.

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Cyanotis

A succulent spiderwort among rocks, Commelinaceae, photo © Michael Plagens

Small, three-petaled, purple flowers with 6 stamens. Leaf bases with sheathes giving stem jointed look. Succulent.

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She-oak

She-oak, Casuarina equisetifolia, in Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

A slender tree when grown in dense groves with feathery, gray-green foliage and non-showy flowers in catkins. Coastal Kenya.

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River She-oak

an Australian tree, Casuarina cunninghamiana, photo © Michael Plagens

Frequently planted tree in the mid elevations. Appears pine-like with small cone-like fruit.

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Avocado

cultivated avocado, Persea americana, photo © Michael Plagens

Large fleshy fruit with a single large seed at center. Leaves elyptic, smooth margined and dark green.

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Water Lily

a water lily at a fresh water pond near Mombasa, Nymphaea sp., photo © Michael Plagens

Familiar floating plants. Large showy flowers with numerous flowers, stamens and pistils. Prefers shallow water where roots are anchored in bottom soil.

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Clematis

Clematis Vine in Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

White flowers about 2cm in dia. from a vine growing in sunny locations.

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Garden Pink-Sorrel

a wood sorrel, Oxalis latifolia, photo © Michael Plagens

Clusters of pink flowers with five petals. Leaves with three, equally spaced leaflets. Low-growing with no above ground stems.

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Kei Apple

Kei Apple, thorny shrub with fruit, Dovyalis caffra, photo © Michael Plagens

Woody shrub with stout thorns. Spherical fruits turn orange when ripe. Oblong, alternate leaves.

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Thorn Pear

thorn pear, Scolopia zeyheri, photo © Michael Plagens

Alternate, shiny leaves with serrated margins and a sturdy thorns arising from leaf axils. Large, leafy shrub. 1 cm fruit ripen to orange.

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Mexican Prickly Poppy

Mexican Prickly Poppy in Kenya, Argemone mexicana, photo © Michael Plagens

Bright yellow flowers with five petals on very prickly herbaceous plant. Followed by a spiny pod. Non-Native.

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Kalanchoe

Kalanchoe prittwitzii photo © Wikimedia Contributer Haplochromis

Succulent leaves are in a rosette at ground level. Four yellow petals. Clusters of flowers on a tall flower stalk almost a meter tall. Keyed to K. prittwitzii.

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Kalanchoe #2

Kalanchoe densiflora ? #2 photo © Michael Plagens

Dense clusters of orange-pink flowers at apex of succulent plant. Large, leathery and thick leaves with scalloped margins.

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Stephania

Stephania abyssinica photo © Michael Plagens

Leaves nearly orbicular with the stem attached at center. Twining vine from woody base. Small whitish flowers.

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Abuta

Cissampelos pareira photo © Mike Plagens

Herbaceous vine with round or slightly rhombic, velvety leaves. Flowers small, green in long, pendulous spikes.

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Seaside Caper

sandmat spurge in Nairobi, Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Scrambling seaside shrub with long whitish stamens and white petals. Leaves thick and nearly round.

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Chinsaga

Chinsaga leafy pot herb photo © Wikimedia Contributer Haplochromis

This herbaceous plant is widely grown leafy vegetable. Leaves palmate. Flowers pale yellow. Pungent foliage.

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Sukuma Wiki

Sukuma Wiki, a leafy cole, brassicaceae, photo © Michael Plagens

Widely cultivated variety of kale - an open-leaf variety of cabbage.

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Peppergrass

Peppergrass, Lepdium bonariense, photo © Michael Plagens

An herbaceous garden weed in relatively cool highland areas. Fruit appear as small, discs with a small notch at apex.

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Sorrel

a plant in the buckwheat family, polygonaceae, photo © Michael Plagens

This plant appears to be a Polygonum or Rumex. Small pink flowers give rise to showy fruit with pink wings.

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Black Bindweed

black bindweed, Polygonum convolvulus, photo © Michael Plagens

Twining plant with heart-shaped leaves and small green-white flowers.

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Knotweed

Knotweed, Persicaria lapathifolia ?, photo © Michael Plagens

Spikes of pink to white flowers on mostly herbaceous plant of wet or submerged soil. Leaves lance-shaped.

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Three Corner Nut

Oxygonum sinuatum photo © Michael Plagens

Herbaceous weed with long, slender, stems. Elyptical leaves with wavy margins. Seeds with three sharp corners. Small pale flowers.

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Pokeweed

Phytolacca dodecandra photo © Mike Plagens

Scrambling plant reaching several meters and sometimes vine-like. White flowers followed by blue-black berries in spikes. Leaves elyptic.

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Khaki Weed

this plant grows prostrate on soil. Alternanthera, Amaranthaceae, photo © Michael Plagens

Tan, scaley-looking flowers on small plant that grows flat against soil. Broadly elyptic leaves are dark green.

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Scented Goosefoot

Dysphania schraderiana, an aromatic chenopodiaceae, photo © Michael Plagens

An erect herb that may become thick and woody near ground. Very small, mealy, green flowers in clusters. Foliage strongly scented.

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Sumac

Sumac, Rhus natalensis??, photo © Michael Plagens

Trifoliate leaves shiny and with leaflets tapering to point. Clusters of kidney-shaped berries.

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Mango

Mango, Mangifera indica, from Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Widely cultivated fruit tree. Dark green, shiny, simple leaves on large tree. Panicles of many small cream flowers.

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Brazilian Pepper

Schinus molle photo © Wikimedia Contributer Haplochromis

Widely planted tree originally from South America. Leaves compound with many leaflets, flowers in dense panicles.

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Climbing Orange

climbing orange, Toddalia aculeata, photo © Michael Plagens

Woody vine with aromatic, trifoliate leaves and sharp, curved spines along the branches. Small, whitish flowers.

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Cape Chestnut

Cape Chestnut, Rutaceae, photo © Michael Plagens

Tree with dark green, aromatic, alternate leaves, sprays of large lavender flowers and a fruit resembling a bumpy chestnut.

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Winged Bersama

Bersama abyssinica in Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Tree with long, shiny green,even-compound leaves. Red seeds in spherical capsule. Flowers in spikes.

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Toona

Toona ciliata photo © Michael Plagens

Large tree with brown bark and v. long compound leaves. Small white flowers in clusters. From south Asia.

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Neem Tree

Neem Tree, Azadirachta indica, photo © Michael Plagens

Exotic tree for shade and timber. Long pinnate leaves. Small white flowers.

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Natal Mahogany

Natal Mahogany in Kenya, Trichilia emetica, photo © Michael Plagens

Tree. Panicles of fragrant cream flowers. Large compound leaves alternate and with rusty pubescence below.

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Hop Bush

Hop Bush in Coastal Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Evergreen shrub with slightly resinous elyptical leaves. Fruit a union of three, colorful papery wings. Flowers small, green.

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Fern-Leaf

Fern-leaf, Filicium decipiens, in Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Tree. Compound leaves with broad wing on rachis. Small white flowers followed by blue-black berries.

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Three-lobe False Mallow

Malvastrum coromandelianum, a malvaceous plant from Nairobi, Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Largely herbaceous plant with yellow or yellow-orange flowers. Five petals and numerous stamens with filaments fuzed into a column.

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Mupfununu

Dombeya burgessiae from Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Large, heart-shaped leaves help id this shrub or small tree. White or pink tinged five-petaled flowers in groups with numerous fuzed stamens.

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Crossberry

Crossberry, Grewia similis, photo © Michael Plagens

Five pink petals above five longer sepals of a lighter shade. Four-lobed fruit is unique. Small tree/shrub.

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Burweed

Triumfetta from Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Mostly herbaceous plant with small, 5-petalled, yellow flowers and fruit a small sphere with hooked projections.

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Goat's Head

Goat's Head / Puncture Vine from Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Also called puncture vine - its seeds can poke holes in tires. Small yellow flowers and pinnate leaves. Trails along the ground.

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Nilgiri Nettle

a robust stinging nettle from Asia, Girardinia diversifolia, photo © Michael Plagens

Large leaves with deeply cleft lobes and abundance of big stinging hairs. Flowers very small, white.

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Indian Banyan Tree

Indian Banyan, Ficus benghalensis, photo © Michael Plagens

Aerial roots become additional trunks to support a huge spreading tree. Large, glossy leaves.

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Jack Fruit

Jack Fruit, Artocarpus heterophyllus, photo © Michael Plagens

Large tree with big shiny leaves and very large fruits covered with pyramidal bumps. Cultivated in warm, humid areas.

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Sycamore Fig

Fruit of Cape Fig in a Nairobi garden, photo © Michael Plagens

Medium to large tree with big, smooth green leaves and thick heavy limbs. Clusters of 4cm dia. fruit are borne in clusters on short branchlets arising from main branches.

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Loquat

Loquat tree in a Nairobi garden, photo © Michael Plagens

Medium sized trees with dark green elyptical leaves grown mostly in gardens for their fruit. Cream-color flowers in panicles. Native to subtropical southeastern China.

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Coral Bean

Red Hot Poker Tree, Erythrina abyssinica, photo © Michael Plagens

Small or medium sized tree with clumps of bright red tubular flowers, coral-colored beans and trifoliate leaves. Short curved thorns.

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Yellow Bauhinia

Yellow Orchid Tree, Bauhinia tomentosa, photo © Michael Plagens

Bright yellow, bilaterally symetrical flowers have a maroon center. Woody shrub or small tree. Two-lobed leaves are distinctive.

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Fever Tree

Fever Tree photo © Michael Plagens

Tall savanna trees with distinctive yellow, green and brown bark. Leaves twice-compound. White thorns in pairs. Lots of resin oozes from injuries.

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Black Wattle

Black Wattle, Acacia mearnsii, photo © Michael Plagens

Fast growing tree native to Australia. Smooth dark bark. Small pale yellow to white flowers in ball. Seeds in bean pods.

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Blackthorn

Blackthorn, Acacia mellifera, photo © Michael Plagens

Relatively few, large leaflets in double-compound leaves. Beans in flat, twisted pods. Short hooked spines. Usu. a shrub or rarely a small tree.

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Protea

small tree of Protea mafingensis from Menangai, Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Small sparsely branched tree with elyptical leaves and large flowers with numerous petals.

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Grevillea

exotic plantation tree, silky-oak, photo © Michael Plagens

Feathery, pinnately divided leaves on large forest tree. Bark is dark and fissured. Australian import.

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Ochna

Buttercup Bush, Ochna prob. ovata, photo © Michael Plagens

Leathery elyptical leaves with serrated margins on medium-sized tree. Sepals yellow turning red after yellow petals fall. Fruit turns black when ripe.

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Micky Mouse Bush

Ochna sp. on the grounds of Gede Ruins, Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Name refers to the bright red fleshy sepals and black fruit. Five bright yellow petals. Leaves sharply serrate.

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Papaya

Papaya, Carica papaya, photo © Michael Plagens

Small fruit tree with one main stem, large palmately lobed leaves, and with groups of axillary flowers and large, ovoid fruits.

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Desert Date

Desert Date, a common, throny shade tree, photo © Michael Plagens

Dark green leaves born on branches with many elongate green throns. Solitary flowers and fruits dispersed along the stems.

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Adenium

Desert Rose, a succulent dogbane, Adenium, photo © Michael Plagens

Stems are thick and succulent and the base may be swollen. Dark green leaves and bright pink flower.

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Pinwheel Milkwood

Pinwheel Jasmine, a cultivated dogbane, photo © Michael Plagens

Evergreen shrub with dark green opposite leaves and milky sap. Fragrant, white, pinwheel-like flowers with 5 petals.

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Frangipani

Plumeria sp. from Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

This showy dogbane has been redistributed to tropical gardens around the world from it's American origins.

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Caralluma

a succulent milkweed, photo © Michael Plagens

This milkweed has the appearance of a cactus. One meter tall near Lake Baringo.

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Milkweed Vine

a Milkweed Vine from Kerio View, photo © Michael Plagens

Vine with pairs of very long, slender pods. Seed with long silky hairs. Milky sap from breaks.

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Apple of Sodom

a Milkweed from near Lake Baringo, photo © Michael Plagens

Large robust milkweed with big thick leaves and purple star-shaped flowers. Large globular seed pods.

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Candelabrum Spurge

Euphorbia candelabrum, photo © Wikimedia Contributer Haplochromis

Tree-sized succulent, with smooth, angled, columnar branches. Small green or reddish flowers. Milky sap from cuts. Savannas.

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Sand Mat

sandmat spurge in Nairobi, Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Many kinds of very small spurges grow close to the ground and mostly go unnoticed. Minute flowers in dense heads.

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Croton

Croton, a euphorbiaceae and large forest tree, photo © Michael Plagens

Matures to a large forest tree. Large leaves are green on top and silvery beneath. Flowers in long, pendulous spikes.

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Ndzerhe

a shade tree, Bridelia micrantha, photo © Michael Plagens

A shade tree with large elyptic leaves, small yellowish flowers and elypsoid fruits that ripen to black and are sweet.

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Rhoicissus

leaf of Rhoicissus, photo © Michael Plagens

Vine with toothed, trifoliate leaves and tendrals from stem nodes. Berries about 1cm.

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Cissus

a succulent vitaceae vine, Cissus sp., photo © Michael Plagens

A succulent member of grape family with green, photosynthetic stems. Draping over a woody shrub.

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Cyphostemma

a procumbant grape vine, Cyphostemma serpens, photo © Michael Plagens

Dark green, palmately compound leaves on vine like plant in open rangeland. Reddish glands on stems and inflorescence.

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Bougainvillea

Bougainvillea, planted in the tropics all over the World, photo © Michael Plagens

Non-native. Rank vine forming a shrub on fences or covering another plant sometime in excess of 3 m. Sharp thorns on branches. Brightly colored bracts subtend cream flowers.

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Wort Club

Wort Club vine, Commicarpus plumbagineus at Moshi, Tanzania, photo © Michael Plagens

Long slender stems scramble up and through other plants. Clusters of white funnel-shaped flowers. Club-shaped fruits.

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Spiderling

leaves of Boerhavia coccinea, photo © Michael Plagens

Flowers are very small, but can be bright pink or carmine. Triangular leaves with reddish, wavy margin. Stems swollen at nodes.

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Impatiens

impatiens flower with long nectar spur, photo © Michael Plagens

Bilaterally symetric flower with a long curved nectary spur. Elyptical, sharply serrate leaves. Kakamega Forest.

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Hooker's Impatiens ?

Impatiens in an Eldoret area garden, photo © Michael Plagens

This impatiens has all white flowers and lance-shaped, serrated leaves. Might be non-native in cultivation only.

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Impatiens #3

Mostly white Impatiens marked with pink, photo © Michael Plagens

Rusty pubescence on the calyx of this mostly white-flowered Impatien from Kitale.

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Butterfly Bush

Buddleja with silvery leaves, photo © Michael Plagens

Two to three m tall shrub with many stems and spikes of four-parted, small cream flowers.

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Spur-Flower

Spur-Flower, Plectranthus sp., Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Robust shrubby plant with opposite, deltoid leaves with rounded teeth and ringed clusters of deep purple, two-lipped flowers.

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Lion's Ears

A mint, Leonotis nepetifolia, photo © Michael Plagens

Bright orange tubular flowers emerging from spiny balls of closely packed flowers and seed capsules.

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Clerodendrum?

a possible Clerodendrum from the Rift Valley, in East Africa, photo © Michael Plagens

White actinomorphic flowers in headlike clusters. Leaves opposite, broadly elyptic and leathery. Fruit berry-like but turning hard.

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Meru Oak

Vitex keniensis, photo © Michael Plagens

Forest tree with medium-sized, five-parted, palmately compound leaves. Small flowers and berries in flat-topped panicles.

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Lippia

Lippia sp. photo © Michael Plagens

Small bluish-white flowers in short, crowded spikes. Leaves with prominent veins and aromatic oils.

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Lantana

Lantana, an exotic invasive weed in East Africa, photo © Michael Plagens

Spherical clusters of orange, red, pink and yellow tubular flowers on fast growing shrub. Aromatic.

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Spiny Acanthus

Robust spiney Acanthus, photo © Michael Plagens

Spikes of lavender-pink flowers above large, spiney-edged leaves. Kakamega Forest.

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Black-eyed Susan Vine

Black-eyed Susan Vine, Thunbergia alata, photo © Michael Plagens

Unmistakeable flower on a vine that grows in gardens and in sunny borders.

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Ruellia sp

a grazing tolerant acanthaceae from Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

This white-flowered herb by growing very close to ground resists grazing by cattle/goats in Rift Valley highlands.

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Ribwort Plantain

a common garden weed in the moister highlands in Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

The leaves are grass like, but wider. Flowers, small, in conical cluster upon tall slender spikes.

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Jasmine

Abyssinia Jasmine from Kenya photo © Michael Plagens

Scrambling vine with opposite, compound leaves and fragrant, white flowers with long tubes and five lobes.

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Ijzerhout

East African Olive tree in Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Medium to large dark green tree. Smooth margined, opposite leaves without stipules. Purple drupes with one hard seed.

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Nandi Flame

Nandi Flame, Spathodea campanulata, photo © Michael Plagens

Stately tree with dark green, compound leaves and large clusters of big, orange-red flowers.

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Sausage Tree

Sausage Tree, Kigelia africana, photo © Michael Plagens

Long and heavy fruits hang from the branches like so many sausages set to age. Remarkable flowers also that release scent at night.

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Markhamia

Markamia from Kenya photo © Michael Plagens

Small to medium sized tree with dark green compound leaves and showy, bell-shaped flowers.

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Baobab

Baobab, Adansonia digitata, photo © Michael Plagens

Distinctive, huge tree of hot, seasonally dry habitats through much of tropical Africa. Thick, massive trunk appears oversized.

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Resurection Plant

Craterostigma pumila, photo © Michael Plagens

After rains these violet-like plants immediately spring up with blue flowers. Broad, ribbed leaves in basal rosette.

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Bitter Apple Nightshade

Nightshade, Solanum, photo © Michael Plagens

Very common mostly herbaceous plant at roadsides. Fuzzy leaves, spiney stems, purple flowers and yellow fruits.

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Thorny Nightshade

Thorny Nightshade, Solanum, photo © Michael Plagens

Sharp heavy thorns. Flower petals whitish; stamens conspicuous yellow. Leaves coarsely lobed. Fruits yellow + rough.

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Tobacco Weed

Invasive, non-native and toxic Solanum mauritianum photo © Michael Plagens

Two meter tall shrub or small tree with flat-topped panicles of purple nightshade flowers. Kakmega Forest.

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Murembu Tree

Ehretia cymosa, Boraginaceae, photo © Michael Plagens

Large shrub or many-branched tree with sprays of small white flowers. Twigs with whitish hairs becoming groups of orange berries. Relatively large elyptic leaves.

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Cordia

Large-leafed Cordia, Cordia africana, photo © Michael Plagens

Large ovate leaves, stiff textured and with coarse hairs on veins and stems. Petals 5, white, fragrant flowers. Berries orange when ripe.

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Hound's Tongue

Cynoglossum in Boraginaceae photo © Michael Plagens

Coarse, herbaceous, with blue flowers about a meter tall. Seeds inside clinging burs.

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Dodder

Golden Dodder, Cuscuta sp., photo © Michael Plagens

Bright orange climbing stems without chlorophyl and without leaves. Small white flowers in clusters. Parasitic.

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Morning-Glory

an ornamental morning-glory, possibly exotic and invasive in East Africa, photo © Michael Plagens

Large, showy tubular-funnel-form flowers on herbaceous vines. Often cultivated on fences.

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Dichondra

Dichondra, a leafy ground cover, photo © Michael Plagens

Prostrate herb with distinctly heart-shaped leaves. Flowers obscure. Often used as ground cover.

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Prickly Pear

non-native Prickly Pear, Opuntia, photo © Michael Plagens

Stems jointed and laterally compressed into round or obong pads. Flowers mostly yellow and with many petals and stamens.

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Phragmanthera

parasitic Phragmanthera from Rift Valley Highlands, photo © Michael Plagens

Hemiparasite in trees. Leaves elyptic and dark green on pendulent braches. Orange-red flowers in clusters. This one in green ash.

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Mistletoe

a hemiparasitic plant, Viscum, photo © Michael Plagens

Pendulous, parasitic shrub found growing directly out of branches/twigs of a host tree. Groups of reddish or white berries and with leathery leaves.

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Passion Fruit

cultivated purple passion fruit, Passiflora edulis, photo © Michael Plagens

Climbing vine with spectacular, unique flowers. Leaves with two or three lobes and stems bare tendrils for climbing. Widely cultivated for the purple fruit.

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Glory Bush

Glory Bush probably Tibouchina multiflora photo © Michael Plagens

Showy, non-native shrub. Leaves with conspicuous parallel veins. Hooked stamens.

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Melastome

Melastomataceae from Kakamega Forest photo © Michael Plagens

Leaves with conspicuous parallel veins and flower with inferior ovary. Kakamega Forest.

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Bracelet Honey Myrtle

Australian import, Melaleuca armillaris,  photo © Michael Plagens

Non-native forest and ornamental tree widely planted in Kenyan. Almost linear leaves and spikes of snowy-white flowers.

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Weeping Bottle Brush

Australian import, weeping bottle brush photo © Michael Plagens

Non-native ornamental tree widely planted in Kenyan gardens. Hanging branches and long spikes of flowers with showy stamens.

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Brush Box

another Australian Tree, Lophostemon confertus, photo © Michael Plagens

Exotic tree from Austalia with white flowers and gum-tree like fruit. Large elyptic leaves with smooth margins.

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Muhutu

Muhutu, Terminalia brownii, © Michael Plagens

Large elyptic leaves clustered near branch ends. Fruit with papery wings.

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Indian Almond

Indian Almond, Terminalia catappa, photo © Michael Plagens

Substantial shade tree found in areas near the beach. The elyptical fruits can float. Large oblong leaves turn red before falling.

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Anthocleista

a very large leaf forest plant, Anthocleista vogelii, from East Africa, photo © Michael Plagens

Understory forest tree with tall slender stems and very large, spatulate leaves clustered at ends of branches.

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Egyptian Starcluster

wild version of, Egyptian Starcluster, Pentas lanceolata, Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Now widespread around world as an ornamental. Kenya native herb with five-parted, long tubular flowers. Color is white, pink or red.

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Flame of the Woods

ornamental rubiaceae, Ixora coccinea, Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Understory shrub with opposite, dark green, elyptical leaves. Four petals on a long tube. Common, introduced ornamental.

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Mexican Clover

Richardia or Mexican Clover in a closely grazed pasture in Eldoret Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Mat forming plant with elyptic, opposite leaves. Small, white, five-petaled flowers in dense terminal clusters. Non-native.

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Kimolwet

Vanguera madagascariensis of Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Large, multistemmed shrub with opposite, dark green, simple, entire leaves. Fruit is spherical and orange-red.

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Parasol Tree

Parasol Tree, Polyscias fulva, Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Tall tree with straight bole. At a considerable height a set of 8 or more radial branches. Pinnate leaves close to a meter long.

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Umbrella Tree

Umbrella Tree, Schefflera abyssinica, Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Tree with palmately compound leaves with long petioles and long petiolules. Small, cream-white flowers in umellules and spikes.

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Queensland Umbrella Tree

Australian native planted in mesic gardens of Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Tall tree sparsely branched with very large palmately compound leaves. Red flowers arrayed in many radiating spikes a meter long.

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Bad-Smell Melon

Australian import, Melaleuca armillaris,  photo © Michael Plagens

Cucumbers covered with fleshy spikes and releasing unpleasant odor when cut. Herbaceous vine with tendrils.

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Bad-Smell Melon

Australian import, Melaleuca armillaris,  photo © Michael Plagens

Cucumbers covered with fleshy spikes. Herbaceous vine with tendrils. Rather large blooms with pleated/crinkled texture.

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Raphidiocystis (?)

bristled cucumber from Mombasa photo © Michael Plagens

Herbaceous vine with simple tendrils, bright yellow flowers and fruit covered with long, stiff bristles.

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Zehneria (?)

A cucurbit, Bryonia or Zehneria photo © Michael Plagens

The fruits of this gourd-relative are small, in axillary clusters. Flowers small and whitish. Tendrils.

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Wavy-Leaf Fleabane

a ubiquitous aster weed in gardens of Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Composite with non-showy flowers in many small heads. Seeds soon shed with fuzzy top for wind dispersal. Soft hairs cover the leaves.

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Mexican Sunflower

Mexican Sunflower, Tithonia, photo © Michael Plagens

Large yellow-orange composite, but smaller than seed sunflower. Leaves variously three-lobed. Mostly herbaceous up to two meters tall. Garden favorite.

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Tarchonanthus (?)

Might be Tarchonanthus from Turbo, Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Tree-sized member of sunflower family. Flowers white, in ray-less heads. Leaves elyptic and leathery.

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Coat Buttons

Tridax procumbens from Nairobi, Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

This herbaceous plant in the Asteraceae was found growing in Nairobi.

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Kenya Natural History

Copyright Michael J. Plagens, 2011, updated 12 June 2014

By no means am I an expert on the Natural History of Kenya. I am new to exploring this part of the World. By creating a page for the species as I learn them I am teaching myself while also sharing in discovery. If anyone notices errors I hope that I will be notified via the e-mail address below so that I can make corrections.