Coke's Hartebeest

Coke's Hartebeest photo © Michael Plagens

Hartebeest are large grassland antelopes found in open savanna habitat in much of Africa. The Coke's subspecies also goes by the name Kongoni.

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Topi photo © Michael Plagens

Another large antelope, similar to hartebeest, but with dark markings and horns that are nearly straight. Distinct hump on the back above shoulders.

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Thompson's Gazelle

Thompson's Gazelle photo © Michael Plagens

Small and fast-running antelope of the African Savanna. Bold black lateral stripe.

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Grant's Gazelle

Grant's Gazelle, Nanger granti, photo © Michael Plagens

Similar to Thompson's. Horns are stout at base, more strongly ringed and 's' curved. Lacks black lateral stripe.

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Kirk's Dik-Dik photo © M Plagens

Small, dog-sized antelope inhabits dense brush or open woodland. Short, straight horns.

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Reedbuck, Redunca redunca photo © M Plagens

Medium-sized antelope with brown coat and males with horns about 30 cm long. Frequents wet areas.

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Impala photo © Mike Plagens

Elegant antelope with long, spiraled horns on the males. Coat is reddish brown. Smaller than the eland but larger than gazelles.

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Epomophorus wahlbergi photo © M Plagens

Iconic migratory ungulate of Serengeti also includes non-migratory populations. Broad, muscular shoulders contrast with small hind quarters.

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Waterbuck photo © M Plagens

This antelope often forages in wet areas with standing water. The females lack horns.

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Tragelaphus scriptus photo © M Plagens

Medium-sized antelope that prefer habitat adjacent to woodlands or among scattered shrubs.

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Common Eland

Eland Antelope photo © Mike Plagens

This is the largest and heaviest antelope in Kenya. The horns are straight with a distinct spiral. Several pale stripes might be visible on the flanks.

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Maasai Giraffe

Masai Giraffe, photo © Michael Plagens

Giraffe are iconic animals of the African Savanna! The tallest land animal and the largest ruminant.

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Cape Buffalo

Cape Buffalo photo © Mike Plagens

Powerful bovine of African savannas. Strong horns fused across the brow.

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Warthog, Phacochoerus africanus, photo © Michael Plagens

Large gray pig with thin hair, but longer mane along back, and well developed tusks. Tail extends up when the animal is running.

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African Elephant

African Elephant photo © Wouter van Vliet

The largest living land mammal. Thrilling!

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Black Rhinoceros

Black Rhinoceros photo © M Plagens

Second largest land mammal in Kenya. The upper lip is triangular and prehensile - able to grasp food.

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Common Hippopotomus

Common Hippopotomus photo © Mike Plagens

Exceptionally large herbivores that spend a great deal of time in water.

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Burchell's Zebra

Zebra, Equus burchelli, photo © Michael Plagens

The common zebra over much of Kenya and East Africa. Unmistakable with their bold black and white banding.

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African Lion

Lion, Panthera leo, photo © Michael Plagens

Largest cat on the African continent.

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Serval Cat photo © Zahra Plagens

A slender, medium-sized cat with pattern of dark spots and short stripes. Common, but often hidden.

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Sike's Monkey

Sike's Monkey photo © Michael Plagens

Large white patch on chest and throat of this robust monkey. Much of coat is dark gray with silvery hairs mixed in.

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Black-and-White Colobus

Colobus Monkey photo © M Plagens

Fringe of white around the face, across the shoulders, down lateral edges of the back and at tail tip. Remainder of coat is black.

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Debrazza's Monkey

DeBrazza's Monkey photo © Mike Plagens

Substantial tail and a distinct white beard and facial pattern. There is also a tuft of bright white on the tail end. Rufous crescent on the forehead.

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Red-tailed Monkey

Red-tailed Monkey photo © Mike Plagens

Distal third of big tail is red-brown. There are bright white patches on cheeks and nose. Western Kenya.

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Vervet Monkey

Vervet Monkey photo © M Plagens

Grayish monkey with long tail and nearly black face. A fringe of white hair makes the face stand out.

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Olive Baboon

Olive Baboon photo © Mike Plagens

These large, mostly terrestrial, sometimes aggressive monkeys are always on the lookout for a lunch and will be glad to grab yours.

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Woodland Mouse

Muridae from Kerio Valley, photo © Michael Plagens

Who knows how many species of mouse exist in Kenya. This one was out at night in a woodland.

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Epauletted Fruit Bat

Epomophorus wahlbergi photo © M Plagens

Large bats roosting under tree leaves or building eaves. Dog-like face and white patches in front of ears.

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Insectivorous Bat

Bat, order Chiroptera, from Kerio Valley, photo © Michael Plagens

Many, many species of smaller bats feed on flying insects at night using echo­location.

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Kenya Natural History

Copyright Michael J. Plagens, page created 1 Nov. 2010, updated 06 Sept. 2019.

By no means am I an expert on the Natural History of Kenya. I am a novice explorer in this part of the World. By creating a page for the species as I learn them I am teaching myself. If I make errors I hope that a kind person will let me know so that I can make corrections. Thank you for visiting.