Poison Gooseberry

Withania somnifera photo © Michael Plagens

Inconspicuous green-­white flowers give rise to red berries inside papery sepals. Shrubby perennial.

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Bitter Apple Nightshade

Nightshade, Solanum, photo © Michael Plagens

Very common mostly herbaceous plant at roadsides. Fuzzy leaves, spiney stems, purple flowers and yellow fruits.

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Thorny Nightshade

Thorny Nightshade, Solanum, photo © Michael Plagens

Sharp heavy thorns. Flower petals whitish; stamens conspicuous yellow. Leaves coarsely lobed. Fruits yellow + rough.

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Prickliest Nightshade

Solanum aculeatissimum photo © Michael Plagens

Leaves and stems all densely covered with long, sharp needles. Pale flowers and yellow fruit.

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Bush Nightshade

Solanum nightshade bush photo © Michael Plagens

Stiff woody branches with stout thorns, tough leathery leaves with more thorns, and purple flowers.

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Tobacco Weed

Invasive, non-native and toxic Solanum mauritianum photo © Michael Plagens

Two meter tall shrub or small tree with flat-topped panicles of purple nightshade flowers. Kakmega Forest.

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Black Nightshade

Black Nightshade, Solanum nigrum, photo © Michael Plagens

A toxic weed or a widely used garden vegetable (Suchaa) depending on the variety. Berries black when ripe.

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Tree Tomato

Tree Tomato, Solanum betaceum, photo © Michael Plagens

A two to three meter tall nightshade bearing edible fruit. Native to tropical America and maintained in Kenya cultivation

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Jimson Weed

Jimson Weed, photo © Michael Plagens

Robust herbaceous plant with large, tubular, white flowers and fruits covered with sharp prickles. Poisonous.

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Angel's Trumpet

Brugmansia photo © Michael Plagens

Small trees to several meters tall with large, dark green leaves and large white to pink trumpet-shaped flowers. Toxic and non-native.

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Apple of Peru

Invasive, non-native weed Nicandra physalodes photo © Michael Plagens

Large purple-tinted flowers on herbaceous weed. The fruit is enclosed in a lantern-shaped cover derived from the sepals.

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Ground Cherry, Physalis peruviana photo © Michael Plagens

Cultivated vegetable/ fruit native to Americas. Papery husk surrounds orange-red berry.

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Orange Jessamine

Or better, Orange Cestrum, Cestrum aurantiacum, photo © Michael Plagens

Bright orange yellow flowers and white fruits are attractive but this shrubby plant is a non-native invasive.

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Kenya Natural History

Copyright Michael J. Plagens, page created 11 Oct. 2012
updated 27 Sept. 2017.

By no means am I an expert By no means am I an expert on the Natural History of Kenya. I am a novice exploring this part of the World. By creating a page for the species as I encounter them I am teaching myself. If the reader finds an error, please let me know so that I can make corrections (use copyright link).