Candelabrum Spurge

Euphorbia candelabrum, photo ©

Tree-sized succulent, with smooth, angled, columnar branches. Small green or reddish flowers. Milky sap from cuts. Savannas.

More Information ...

Succulent

Castor Oil Plant, Ricinus communis, photo © Michael Plagens

Numerous, succulent, angled stems radiate ½ m from crown. Spines on the angles. Bright yellow petaloid glands on the involucres look like flowers.

More Information ...

Firestick Plant

probably Euphorbia tirucalli photo ©

Small linear leaves are shed leaving a tangle of smooth green stems. Often used in fence rows with the irritating sap a strong deterent.

More Information ...

Sand Mat

sandmat spurge in Nairobi, Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Many kinds of very small spurges grow close to the ground and mostly go unnoticed. Minute flowers in dense heads.

More Information ...

Poinsettia

Euphorbia pulcherrima, Poinsettia, photo ©

Ornamental shrub with sparse branches and large, pentagonal leaves. Terminal leaves below flowers become bright red.

More Information ...

Castor Oil Plant

Castor Oil Plant, Ricinus communis, photo © Michael Plagens

Conspicuous plant with large, smooth, palmately cleft leaves and spikes of red or green spikey fruits. Mostly in gardens and waste places.

More Information ...

Cassava

Cassava, Manihot esculenta, photo © Michael Plagens

Large, palmately compound leaves with 7 to 9 division. A starch-filled root is a staple food crop grown in the tropics worldwide.

More Information ...

Jatropha spicata

Physic-Nut photo © Michael Plagens

Partly succulent plant of dry rocky slopes. Palmate leaves have about 7 narrow divisions.

More Information ...

Kirk's Noseburn

Tragia kirkiana Noseburn in Kenya

Stinging hairs on herbaceous plant with triangular leaves. The leaves have margins with rounded teeth.

More Information ...

Mhacha

Acalypha used as leafy vegetable from Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Cultivated at shady margins of vegetable garden and harvested for leafy vegetable. Shallow teeth along margins of pubescent leaves.

More Information ...

Three-seeded Mercury

native Acalypha from Kenya photo ©

Long slender spikes of small red flowers. Weak shrub with deltoid leaves with rounded teeth on the margin.

More Information ...

Acalypha

probably Clutia abyssinica photo ©

Female inflorescence at top and much smaller male flowers on lateral spikes. Herbaceous, 30cm tall.

More Information ...

Copper Leaf

a copper leaf, Acalypha sp., photo © Michael Plagens

Red and green leaves are broadly elyptical and have rounded teeth along margin. Showy foliage plant in gardens.

More Information ...

Copper Leaf #2

a copper leaf, Acalypha sp., photo © Michael Plagens

Leaf margins are softly serrated and outlined in white and sometime reddish. Popular as a foliage plants in tropical gardens.

More Information ...

Croton

Croton, a euphorbiaceae and large forest tree, photo © Michael Plagens

Matures to a large forest tree. Large leaves are green on top and silvery beneath. Flowers in long, pendulous spikes.

More Information ...

Broad-leaved Croton

Croton macrostachyus, photo © Michael Plagens

Large, heart-shaped leaves. Spherical, three-seeded capsules. Large shrub or a giant forest tree.

More Information ...

Orange-leaved Croton

Croton dichogamus photo © Mike Plagens

Small tree or shrub with old leaves that turn bright orange. Undersides of leaves with coating of white, stellate hairs.

More Information ...

Orange-leaved Croton

Croton dichogamus ?? photo © M Plagens

Shrub or small tree with slender branches, and often several conspicuous orange leaves. Small flowers and fruit capsules.

More Information ...

Croton alienus

an endangered tree species, Croton alienus, photo © Michael Plagens

Rare or endangered tree. Elyptical glossy leaves. Small white flowers in spikes.

More Information ...

Crown-of-Thorns

Euphorbia milii photo ©

Popular landscape accent with spiny stems and bright red (usually) 'flowers'. Native to Madagascar.

More Information ...

Clutia

probably Clutia abyssinica photo ©

Shrubby plant with alternate, elyptical leaves. Separate male and female flowers are clustered in leaf exils.

More Information ...

Phyllanthaceae

Ndzerhe

a shade tree, Bridelia micrantha, photo © Michael Plagens

A shade tree with large elyptic leaves, small yellowish flowers and elypsoid fruits that ripen to black and are sweet. Now placed in the Phyllanthaceae.

More Information ...

Leaf-Flower #1

Phyllanthus in Nairobi, Kenya, photo © Michael Plagens

Horizontal twiglets with numerous, closely spaced ovoid leaves. Small, pale flowers suspended from same twigs.

More Information ...

Leaf-Flower #2

Phyllanthus sp photo by Michael Plagens

Very similar to Leaf-Flower #1. This one observed at Kakamega Forest in western Kenya.

More Information ...

Leaf-Flower #3

Phyllanthus sp photo by Michael Plagens

The leaves are thicker and a bit leathery. This one observed near Kiserian, Kenya.

More Information ...


Kenya Natural History

Copyright Michael J. Plagens, 2011-2017

By no means am I an expert on the Natural History of Kenya. I am a novice exploring this part of the World. By creating a page for the species as I encounter them I am teaching myself. If the reader finds an error, please let me know so that I can make corrections (use copyright link).